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The Founding of Birmingham

bullet Armes, Ethel M. The Story of Coal and Iron in Alabama. 1910 Facsimile edition, Birmingham: Book-keepers Press, 1972.

For many years the standard account of Birmingham's early industrial development, this book is still useful for its readable style and the factual information it contains.

bullet Atkins, Leah Rawls. The Valley and the Hills: An Illustrated History of Birmingham and Jefferson County. Woodland Hills, Calif.: Windsor Publications, 1981. Second edition, Tarzana, Calif.: Preferred Marketing, 1996.

Second edition sponsored by and available from the Birmingham Public Library. Readable general history of the city. Includes over 250 photographs.

bullet Lewis, W. David. Sloss Furnaces and the Rise of the Birmingham District: An Industrial Epic. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1994.

A scholarly study, based on extensive research in primary and secondary sources, that updates the story originally told by Ethel Armes and explains its significance for Southern and American industrialization.

bullet McKiven, Henry M. Jr. Iron and Steel: Class, Race and Community in Birmingham, Alabama, 1875-1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

Scholarly study of Birmingham industrial workers.

bullet Ward, Robert David and William Warren Rogers. Labor Revolt in Alabama: The Great Strike of 1894. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1965.

Interesting account of the first major strike of Alabama industrial workers.

bullet __________. Convicts, Coal, and the Banner Mine Tragedy. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1987.

Study of the 1911 explosion in a Jefferson County mine that killed many workers, most of which were convict-lease prisoners.