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Goodwyn, Lawrence. Democratic Promise: The Populist Moment in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.
The most comprehensive book about Populism as a national movement. Goodwyn explains the history of the Farmers' Alliance, describes the factions within the national Populist Party, points out why Populists fell out with one another in 1896, and includes much about Alabama's Populists.
Woodward, C. Vann. Origins of the New South, 1877-1913. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1951. Reprints/other editions: 1966, 1971, and 1996.
Traces the rise of the southern Alliance and emphasizes that Southerners were among the most radical Populists.
McMath, Robert C. American Populism: A Social History, 1877-1898. New York: Hill and Wang, 1993.
An excellent and very readable synthesis on Populism as a national movement.
Rogers, William Warren. The One-Gallused Rebellion: Agrarianism in Alabama, 1865-1896. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1970.
The best book on Populism in Alabama. It covers the state election campaigns of the 1890s in exhaustive fashion.
Hackney, Sheldon. Populism to Progressivism in Alabama. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1969.
Very critical of the Populists and argues that they were not serious about reform.
Webb Samuel L. Two-Party Politics in the One-Party South: Alabama's Hill Country 1874-1920. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1997.
Differs with Hackney on the motives of the Populists and focuses on the question of what happened to them after 1900.