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Although Alabama was raw frontier territory during much of the first half of the nineteenth century, its writers were participants in major movements and developments of national American literature and culture of the nineteenth century:
Old Southwest humor
Popular "domestic sentimental" fiction
Civil War literature
Both Hentz and Wilson wrote novels that were sectional propagandistic responses to Uncle Tom's Cabin: Hentz, The Planter's Northern Bride, 1854; Evans, Macaria, 1863.
The anti-Confederate Tobias Wilson: A Tale of the Great Rebellion (1865) by Union loyalist Jeremiah Clemens (1814-1865), a relative of Mark Twain's and former U.S. Senator from Alabama, was one of the first Civil War novels to appear in print.
In Montgomery, Confederate-veteran brothers Clifford Lanier (1844-1908) and Sidney Lanier (1842-1881) each wrote a novel based on his war experiences: Clifford Lanier: Thorn-Fruit, 1867; Sidney Lanier: Tiger-Lilies, 1867.
Admired by Joel Chandler Harris, Idora McClellan Plowman Moore (1843-1929) wrote many sketches about rural Alabamians under the pen name Betsy Hamilton.
Robert Wilton Burton (1848-1917) and Martha Young (1862-1941), directly in the "Uncle Remus" tradition, published entertaining stories that incorporated much folklore from rural and small-town Alabama.